Sagittal Balance

Spine J. 2009 Feb;9(2):128-33. Epub 2008 Jul 10.
Sagittal balance influences range of motion: an in vivo study with the ProDisc-C.

Rabin D, Bertagnoli R, Wharton N, Pickett GE, Duggal N.

Division of Neurosurgery, London Health Sciences Center, Ontario, Canada.


BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical arthroplasty is designed to maintain cervical motion of the functional spinal unit after cervical discectomy. The impact of the ProDisc-C (Synthes Spine, Paoli, PA) on in vivo kinematics and sagittal alignment requires further assessment.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that the ProDisc-C increases range of motion (ROM) in flexion and extension at the surgical level, and assess its impact on cervical alignment.

STUDY DESIGN: Clinical study.

PATIENT SAMPLE: Fifteen patients with a mean age of 49 years were included in this study. Each patient had a single-level arthroplasty. Patients with multilevel arthroplasty, previous cervical spine surgery, and length of follow-up less than 6 months were excluded from this study.

OUTCOME MEASURE: Lateral dynamic radiographs of the cervical spine were analyzed using quantitative measurement analysis (QMA) preoperatively and postoperatively. QMA software was also used to determine the ROM and sagittal translation at the surgical level.

METHODS: Flexion/extension lateral radiographs of the cervical spine were prospectively collected and reviewed in 15 patients preoperatively and at early (1-3 months) and late (6-14 months) follow-up after placement of the ProDisc-C. Shell angle (SA) and C2-C7 Cobb angles were measured. Sagittal translation and ROM were calculated at each time point. Preoperative values were compared with early and late follow-up values using paired Student t tests and Pearson's correlation. RESULTS: The C2-C7 Cobb angle did not change significantly after surgery. Segmental ROM increased significantly from neutral to flexion (p=.02) and neutral to extension (p=.002) at late follow-up. SA correlated significantly with ROM from neutral to extension (Pearson's r=-0.55; p=.02) and translation from neutral to extension (Pearson's r=-0.58; p=.02).

CONCLUSIONS: The ProDisc-C increased overall segmental ROM. A lordotic SA may be associated with restricted segmental ROM and translation in extension. This study did not detect any change in overall cervical spinal alignment after insertion of the device.

PMID: 18619913 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]